Einstein qualified and became a Swiss citizen but couldn’t find a teaching job so began work as an assistant in the Swiss Patent Office in 1901, where he was passed over for promotion because he had not got to grips with “machine technology”.
However, much of his work was linked to the synchronising of time by mechanical and electrical means, which sowed the seeds that would later transform the understanding of the universe.
His first theoretical paper – on the capillary forces of a straw – was published in a respected journal that same year and by 1905 he was awarded his doctorate by the University of Zurich.
The scientist’s work began to pour out of him – by the end of that year, he published no less than four revolutionary papers on matter and energy; the photoelectric effect; Brownian motion; and the idea that perhaps defined him most of all – special relativity.
Despite the acclaim that he began to accrue, he continued working at the patent office until 1909.
Two years later his work on relativity made him world famous when he concluded that the trajectory of light arriving on Earth from a star would be bent by the gravity of the Sun.
His conclusions ripped up the ideas of Newtonian mechanics which had stood since the 17th century.
They are modest, intelligent, considerate and have a feel for art. [Einstein on the Japanese]
He returned to Germany where he held several prestigious positions, including president of the German Physical Society.
By 1921, his groundbreaking theories had transformed the basics of modern physics and he was awarded the Nobel Prize.
However, it was not given for his most famous work, that of relativity, because it remained too controversial.
Instead, the judges used his explanation of the photoelectric effect to explain the award.
The famous scientist began to lecture worldwide and travelled to Singapore, Sri Lanka, Palestine and Japan, where he spoke before the emperor and declared: “Of all the people I have met, I like the Japanese most, as they are modest, intelligent, considerate and have a feel for art.”
Wherever he went by this stage he was greeted like a head of state or a rock star, with crowds thronging to hear him and cannons fired to salute his arrival.
The rise of Hitler and Nazism persuaded him to move to the US, where he later shed his avowal of pacifism and wrote to President Roosevelt urging him to press ahead with construction of a nuclear bomb to ensure the Germans did not get there first.
There was always with him a wonderful purity at once childlike and profoundly stubborn. [Robert Oppenheimer on Einstein]
He later said this letter was his life’s biggest regret because nuclear weapons had such a fierce capacity for destruction.
He began work at Princeton University and became a US citizen in 1940 (his third passport) where he was a strident critic of racism, calling it America’s “worst disease”.
Albert Einstein died of internal bleeding on April 17, 1955, aged 76, which was marked with headlines around the world.
But his story did not end there - his brain was removed by the pathologist to try to understand what made him so intelligent.
At his memorial, Robert Oppenheimer, the developer of the atomic bomb which Einstein had backed, said: “He was almost wholly without sophistication and wholly without worldliness.
“There was always with him a wonderful purity at once childlike and profoundly stubborn.”
Albert Einstein was a German American scientist. He is best known for his theories on relativity and theories of matter and heat. Einstein is considered one of the greatest physicists of all time because he is thought to have changed the way one looks at the universe. Einstein was born in Ulm, southern Germany, to Jewish parents. A year after he was born he moved to Munich, Germany. Einstein showed no signs of being a genius at an early age. He did not like to receive instructions in school, therefore his education had to begin at home. He would still have to attend school in Munich though, and would get exceptional grades especially in Mathematics; however, he hated it, a teacher suggested him to leave and just study at home because of his dislike toward the school. Merely his presence caused the other students to disrespect the teachers. A story that Einstein loved to tell was that he once saw a compass and saw that the needle had a northward swing. He knew there was something behind it and he wanted to know the hidden mysteries. Einstein first learned algebra and the pythagora’s theorem when his uncle taught it to him. His uncle would visit the family frequently and was Einstein’s mentor. He would help him and encourage him to go on and never give up. Einstein loved to solve the algebraic and geometrical problems on his own. At the age of twelve he read a couple of books on Euclid Geometry and learned the whole thing on his own. At the age of fourteen he read a few science books and the books had an immense influence on his life.
At the age of fifteen his parents moved to Milan, Italy, Einstein took this opportunity to drop out of the school in Munich. He spent a year just living with his parents and reading. Albert then realized that he needed to do something in life. He decided to finish school in Aarau, Switzerland. In 1895, he tried to enter into the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (a type of university). He took the entrance exam, failed it, and passed it the second time. In the institute Albert realized that his true love was Physics. Albert hated that school also, so much was his dislike toward the school, that he would not even attend the classes. He would rather stay home and do experiments and have his friend take notes for him, then he would just study the notes on his own and take the tests.
Albert graduated from the university with not so prestigious grades, he tried to get a job at a university as a professor, but failed to find one. He even became a Swiss citizen to find a job in Switzerland, but it did not work out either. In 1902 he found a job at the patent office at Bern. All he had to do was put applications in for patents. This gave him time to devote himself to the Physics questions that he had and do scientific papers. In 1903 he married Meliva Maritsch, he had two sons with her and discussed his ideas with her all the time.
Einstein started to draw attention to himself when he started to publish his papers. In 1905 he was hired as a professor in the University of Zurich for his Annus Mirabilis-the four major papers that he wrote in his life-. The first one was about the theoretical dissertations on the dimensions of molecules. The second was about the Brownian Motion; he made predictions about the motion of particles. The third one was about the Photoelectric Effect, which contained a revolutionary hypothesis on the nature of light. In this paper he wrote about the photon being proportional to frequency. His Fourth and most revolutionary paper was the one about Theory of Special Relativity, which contained the interaction viewed simultaneously by an observer at rest, and by an observer moving at uniform speed.
Albert did not really become world famous until some of the things in his Theory of Special Relativity proved to be true. In his theory he explained the unexplained variations in the orbital motion of the planets. This was proved in 1919 when there was an eclipse. After the eclipse, people realized that what he had stated was true. From that time on he became world known. He was invited to many special meetings; on one of them he met one of his favorite scientist Max Planck and others that he relished. It was in that same year that he married his cousin Elsa. In 1921, he won the Noble Prize for Physics for the research he did on the PhotoElectric effect.
Since Albert was a publicly declared Zionist, he was the target of many anti-semetics. He would be ridiculed in Germany because of his beliefs. Albert had moved to Germany to work at the University in Prague. When Hitler came to power, he immediately moved to Princeton, New Jersey. Albert later learned that some German scientist had discovered how to split the uranium atom. Albert and other scientist sent a letter to President Roosevelt and told him to start an atomic bomb project also. That is why the Manhattan project was started. Einstein helped to make the first two atomic Bombs.
Albert Einstein died in 1955, in Princeton, New Jersey. He was able to see his own people return to their homeland, something he wanted to see all his life. Einstein accomplished many things in life because of his hard work, and all his work has helped our world today.
4.21 avg. rating (84% score) - 19 votes
Tags: Einstein essay example, Einstein essay topics, Einstein essays, Einstein research paper, Einstein term paper, physics essays, sample essay, science essays