Water Conservation Short Essay Example

Water is necessary for life. Water is needed for domestic, agricultural and industrial purposes.

Three-fourth of Earth's surface is covered by water bodies. 97 per cent of this water is present in oceans as salt water and is unfit for human consumption. Fresh water accounts for only about 2.7 per cent. Nearly 70 per cent of this occurs as ice sheets and glaciers n Antarctica and other inaccessible places. Only one per cent of fresh water is available and fit for human use. So it is very important to conserve this precious resource. And yet we are contaminating the existing water resources with sewage, toxic chemicals and other wastes. Increasing population and rapid urbanisation has led to over-use of water resources leading to water pollution and scarcity.

Water scarcity can be defined as a situation when people don't have enough water to fulfil their basic needs. India is one of the many countries that are facing water scarcity today. In Rajasthan and some parts of Gujarat, women have to cover long distances on foot in order to get a pot of water. In cities like Bangalore, a family has to spend from Rs. 15 to Rs. 20 to meet their daily water needs. The problem becomes severe during summer months when availability of water decreases again. A recent study has revealed that about 25 per cent of urban population lack the accessibility to fresh water. Also there are several cases of privatisation of water bodies. This often leads to water scarcity in the nearby areas.

There are different methods to deal with water scarcity. Rain water harvesting is the best and most suitable method. Forest and other vegetation cover reduce surface runoff and recharge ground water. So, practise afforestation. We can also promote water conservation through media and by conducting public awareness programmes.

By practising these simple steps we can conserve water and ensure the availability of water to future generations. So don't tarry; start saving each and every drop of water. Let our motto be “Save water, save life, save the world”.

Amrita is a Std IX student at B.M.M. English Medium School, Pampady, Kottayam

Water conservation essay is the paper dedicated to the urgent problem of the contemporary world about the necessity and possible ways of water protection. The importance of the essay is explained by the increase of the amount of consumed water due to the growth of population, household activity and infrastructure, and climate changes. In this light, the strategies and activities used to protect water environment and save freshwater acquire the core emphasis in the water conservation essay.
Water is the most valuable resource on the Earth and the essential component of the ecosystem because all living beings need it to support their living process. The development of modern industry, agriculture, and technology leads to the world catastrophe, which results in the pollution of water resources as well as their increased consumption. The goals to preserve water resources are determined by the range of necessities. First of all, it is an obligation of the humanity to save water resources for the future generations. Besides, it helps to reduce the level of used energy because water management consumes a huge amount of electricity. Finally, water is a habitat for the different wildlife representatives. Therefore, the world community tries to prevent water resources from their complete disappearing.

The first step to protect water is for people to become more economical. If they control how they use water at least while washing dishes or brushing their teeth, they can save huge amounts of water. There are different water-saving technologies, such as low-flow shower heads and toilets, raw water flushing, automatic faucet, and many other smart devices, which were invented specifically for saving water. Universal metering is considered to be a useful way to reduce the amount of water wasting because it raises people’s understanding and responsibility. Besides, it helps to detect water leakage. In order to reduce the usage of water in agriculture, a pan evaporation is used. The useful feature of this device is that it determines the amount of water needed for irrigation. There are also crop correction factors for the delivery of water, such as flood irrigation, overhead irrigation, and drip irrigation.

Apart from water disappearing, the problem of water pollution takes place in the modern world nowadays. Big water areas become insufficient for using because the level of their pollution is unacceptably high. It makes water resources impossible for people to consume, and fishes and plants to live in. To prevent pollution, large plants and factories have to control their emissions and assume measures to provide them with the appropriate equipment, which helps to reduce the emissions.

Consequently, the problem of water pollution and conservation takes a significant place among other environmental issues due to its severity and negative consequences for the mankind and planet in general. There are different ways to prevent water pollution and preserve it by means of wise using of water resources as well as the invention of special technologies. Water conservation is an important mission for the global community to deal with to keep the planet safe for living.

References

  • Huffaker, R. (2008). Conservation potential of agricultural water conservation subsidies. Water Resources Research 44.7: n.a.
  • Lal, R. (2015). A system approach to conservation agriculture. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 70.4: 82-88.
  • Pelusey, M., & Pelusey, J. (2006). Water conservation. South Yarra, Vic.: Macmillan Education.
  • Reicosky, D. C. (2015). Conservation tillage is not conservation agriculture. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 70.5: 103-108.
  • Water conservation. (2009). Irvine, CA: Saddleback Educational Publishing.
  • Water Conservation Programs. (2006). Denver, CO: American Water Works Association.

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