Christopher Colombus Essay

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus was an explorer, navigator and coloniser in the fifteenth century. He was born in Genoa in 1451 and later studied navigation in Portugal.

He believed that the Earth was round and thought that he could reach Asia if he just kept sailing west. He went to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain to ask for sponsorship for his voyage and reluctantly agreed to supply him with three ships, a crew and supplies for his journey. He was given a nao for him to captain called the Santa Maria, and two caravels, the Niña and the Pinta, which were captained by Martin an Vincente Pinzón. Columbus’ voyage began on the 3rd of August 1492.

They sailed first from the port of Palos to the Canary Islands and then out into the Atlantic. However, Columbus had his maths completely wrong and reckoned that they would reach India in three weeks. They travelled for two months with no sight of land, the crew began to suffer from scurvy and demanded that they turn back. Columbus lied to his crew about the distance they had travelled as not to worry them and on the 12th of October 1492 eventually they saw land. He thought he had landed in India but had in fact landed on an island in the Caribbean. He claimed the island for Spain and named it San Salvador. He returned to Spain in March 1495 bringing with him native goods and people.

He returned to ‘the Indies’ three more times but he refused to accept that he had not found India but a new continent. He was made Governor but failed to control his men from robbing, torturing and murdering the natives and returned to Spain bitter and disappointed. He died in 1506. The new continent was named after Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian mapmaker who proved that the land found by Columbus did not resemble the Asian coast.

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Christopher Columbus Essay

548 Words3 Pages

Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. He was named Christofero Columbo, after the patron saint. His father was Donenico Columbo, a weaver and wool dealer. Columbus had two brothers, Diego and Bartolome. Historians are certain that Columbus was not a noble.
Columbus's crew on the first voyage were not a bunch of cutthroats. They were mostly hometown boys' from Andalusia, and nearly all experienced seamen. Of the four voyages of Columbus, only the crew of the first voyage is completely known. Alice Bache Gould spent decades combing various archives in Spain, and eventually came up with the list of the 87 crewmen of the Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria. In 1465 Columbus started accompanying his father when he went to sea to…show more content…

In 1484 Columbus proposes his voyage to the Indies to King John II of Portugal but he was refused. Then in 1486 Columbus visits Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain to request support for his voyage. In 1488 Columbus once again requests support of King John II but is refused again.
     In 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella finally approved Columbus' voyage. On August 2, 1492 Columbus sets sail from Palos, Spain. September 6, 1492 Columbus Departs Gomera (Canary Island) after repaired. October 12, 1492 New World sighted at 2 a.m. by Juan Rodriguez Bermejo. On October 29, 1492 Columbus arrives at Cuba. December 24, 1492 One of Columbus' ships, the Santa Maria sinks.
     On March 8, 1493 Columbus returns to Palos, Spain. In 1493 Columbus sails on his second voyage to the New World from Cadiz with seventeen ships. In 1493 Columbus found the colony of Isabella on Hispaniola and explores the coasts of Cuba and Jamaica. Then on June 11, 1496 Columbus and his men return to Cadiz. In 1498 Columbus leaves Hispaniola on his third voyage. Also in 1498 Columbus sights land and names it Trinidad.
     Columbus then goes on to explore the Venezuelan coast. In 1500 Columbus was arrested by Governor Bobadilla of Hispaniola and was shipped back to Spain in chains. In 1502 Columbus sailed from Cadiz on his fourth and last voyage. He then explored the coast of Central America. In

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